The "Four Player Model"* is a framework that describes the primary roles that shape group behavior: Movers, Opposers, Followers, and Bystanders.
* credit David Kantor
This concept has changed how I think about group dynamics and collaboration. And I think it offers wide applicability to a variety of settings.
Ideally, healthy teams include a mix of people:
- Movers: Create initial motion and direction
- Opposers: Provide critical feedback and corrections
- Followers: Contribute support and momentum
- Bystanders: Offer a fresh, outsider perspective
Each persona serves a key purpose:
- Without movers, things never get started.
- Without opposers, energy is spent on the wrong things.
- Without followers, nothing gets completed.
- Without bystanders, people lose sight of the big picture.
While some of us gravitate naturally towards certain roles, it's important to be able to play all four. Depending on the moment, you may need to shift in order to bring the group back into balance.
I think this framework can be extended to sports, business, dance, music, improv, theater etc.
Does this model resonate?
How do you think about teams?
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